by Christian Gamborg & Frank Søndergaard Jensen
This article examined value orientations toward wildlife among the adult general Danish public in relation to age, sex, past and present residence, education, and income, using a U.S. survey instrument on Wildlife Value Orientations (WVO). The study used an Internet-based questionnaire sent to a representative sample of the Danish public in 2012 (n = 1,001). As predicted, there was a predominance of mutualists and a large segment of distanced individuals. Sex was the only variable shown to have a pronounced effect on WVO, with females being more mutualist-oriented than males. Information about the general public’s WVO can be used to check against the orientation of other specific groups such as landowners and hunters. It can also prove useful for developing specific hunting and wildlife policies such as certification of wildlife managers.
In June 2014, Malta’s hunters petitioned Parliament to protect ‘minority’ rights against ‘vindictive’ ‘abrogative referendums’. This was the latest episode in their long struggle against Malta’s environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGOS), which have taken increasingly strong stands against hunting as a morally distasteful practice. Based on a collaborative project between Conservation Biology and Anthropology, this paper documents the escalation of tensions following the establishment of the ‘Coalition for the Abolition of Spring Hunting’ (CASH) in July 2013, an alliance of local ENGOs pushing for a referendum to make spring hunting illegal. This paper additionally revisits a body of literature on ‘factionalism’, which despite being downplayed in narratives of Anthropology’s development, is still useful in helping us understand the hostilities dominating Malta’s hunting arena and can initiate fruitful collaboration and dialogue between Anthropology and Conservation Biology.
Authors: Brian Campbell & Diogo Verissimo
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